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Ritalin vs Modafinil

It’s not unusual for people who use smart drugs to look for alternatives for the most famous but also pretty expensive Modafinil. The market is full of generic versions of this nootropic and other stimulants that can provide similar effects.

So if you were wondering what’s the situation in the matter of Ritalin vs. Modafinil subject, stay with us. We are going to explain what are the most significant similarities and differences between these medications and how they can be helpful to you. But first, let’s see what these pharmaceuticals exactly are and what they are used for primarily.

This article and all other content created by Moda Wiki is for informational purposes only. It is created for your entertainment. This is not legal or medical advice. Always make sure to seek the advice of your primary physician or medical professional before consuming nootropics, like Modafinil, or other pharmaceutical drugs. Please read our disclaimer.

Modafinil is a wakefulness-promoting agent that’s created around 30 years ago for the purpose of treating symptoms of several sleep disorders – obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and shift work sleep disorder. It is also known as a smart drug that can be used off-label as an enhancer of cognitive skills. 

Modafinil has the ability to affect people’s memory retention positively, to increase focus, motivation, concentration, and to stop daytime sleepiness and fatigue. We are talking about an FDA-approved pharmaceutical that’s considered to be safe for usage by healthy individuals. 

Sometimes doctors prescribe it for ADHD patients, as well for people who are in cancer treatment and those who suffer from Parkinson’s disease.

What is Ritalin?

Ritalin is a stimulant that affects our central nervous system. It is a medication that’s mostly used for treating people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with narcolepsy because it’s capable of influencing chemicals in our brain and nerves that contribute to impulse control and hyperactivity. 

But Ritalin is also often used as a wakefulness-promoting tool that can keep us alerted and focused on our everyday tasks. It’s been FDA-approved since 1962, and it is known as a very popular drug for children (not younger than 6) and grownups who have been established with increased hyperactivity.

Mechanisms of action

When it comes to Modafinil, the exact mechanism of action is still unknown, but scientists are working on it. What is established is that this nootropic increases the amount of dopamine and histamine in our brain by simply reducing the reuptake of dopamine into nerves.

But Modafinil isn’t only focused on dopamine, it’s bringing in some other benefits to the brain by affecting our wake-sleep cycle. That’s why people can be in a state of hypervigilance, even when they should be tired.

Ritalin, on the other hand, targets mostly dopamine secretion. Its mechanism of action is based on blocking dopamine transporters and enhancing extracellular dopamine in the basal ganglia. That’s why people on Ritalin can focus on their tasks more easily, and that’s why this pharmaceutical is so helpful with ADHD patients who have lower dopamine amounts.

Modafinil and Ritalin similarities

Both Modafinil and Ritalin are central nervous system stimulants that are being used for treating fatigue and daytime sleepiness caused by narcolepsy, but also for ADHD. The difference is that Ritalin is designed for dealing with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, while that’s not Modafinil’s main purpose, and not all doctors advise using it for this condition. Besides that, Modafinil can be helpful in the matter of other sleeping disorders like SWD and OSA.

These drugs can address some other issues, and they can be used as wakefulness agents for healthy individuals who are looking for ways to block daytime drowsiness. They are also proven to be effective when it comes to increasing people’s focus and alertness. But it is not confirmed that Ritalin can influence cognitive skills like Modafinil and that it can improve memory retention while Modafinil can do that for sure.

Differences between Modafinil and Ritalin

When we are talking about Modafinil vs. Ritalin differences, the biggest one lies in the fact that Modafinil is considered to be a safe and non-addictive drug that has a low risk of abuse, while Ritalin is being defined as a habit-forming medication that has a high risk of drug abuse. 

Even though Modafinil is classified as a Schedule IV pharmaceutical with prescription-only status in most western countries, it can be used without a doctor’s note as a cognitive enhancer. Ritalin, on the other hand, should be taken only under a doctor’s supervision, in the prescribed dosage. It is not advised to use Ritalin longer than recommended or to change its dosage on your own.

Modafinil should be taken once a day, in the early morning hours, and its effects will be noticeable for the next 12 hours. The recommended dosage is 200mg a day for its off-label usage, so that person can remain focused and relieved from fatigue during working hours. If it’s being used for some specific sleep disorder, then it should be consumed as the doctor prescribes it. The usual Ritalin dosage is 20-30mg a day, even though some patients need only 10mg. Unlike with Modafinil, people who are using Ritalin in most cases need multiple doses every few hours because its effects won’t last during the entire day.

That shows that the half-life of these drugs is also very different. Ritalin, when taken in recommended dosages, will be effective for about three hours, which is why multiple intakes during the day are required, but with some extended-released versions, it can stay in our system up to eight hours. Modafinil has a much longer half-life. After it’s being taken, this drug will be working for the next eight to 12 hours straight, but sometimes it can even reach 15 hours.

Let’s also mention that Ritalin is available in several different forms – immediate-release pills, extended-release tablets, chewable tablets, and liquid, while Modafinil always comes in a shape of a pill that needs to be swallowed. Their price is another thing that puts them in different categories. A 20mg Ritalin pill costs around 50 dollars, while a 100mg Modafinil tablet can be found for around 12 dollars. And we are here talking about brand name drugs.

Side effects

This is one of the most important aspects of drug usage. Every medication comes with certain side effects, and it is extremely important for you to know what to expect when taking Modafinil and Ritalin. The most common side effects of Modafinil are nausea, headache, dizziness, insomnia, anxiety, dehydration, back pain, and dry mouth, and they are nothing to worry about. 

They won’t stick for long, and they can be easily handled. When it comes to more serious side effects, you should know that they are pretty rare. Chest pain, difficulty breathing, skin rash, allergic reactions, hallucinations, and increased blood pressure were reported from several Modafinil users. If something like that happens, please seek medical help right away.

Ritalin can lead to headache, loss of weight, insomnia, stomach pain, mood changes, and nausea. Those are the most common side effects. But also, it may happen you start feeling chest pain, difficulty breathing, muscle twitches, visual disturbance, paranoia, and painful erections. 

Again, in case of these scenarios, make sure to contact your doctor immediately. It is important to say that people with high blood pressure and heart disease should not use Ritalin without a doctor’s supervision because there are reports that show this stimulant has caused a heart attack, stroke, and sudden death in these cases.

Drug interactions

Modafinil can interact with a great number of drugs, which is why you need to consult with your doctor if you are currently taking any medications. It is known that there is an interaction with Cyclosporine, Sandimmune, Inderal Propranolol, Rifater, Rimactane, Gengraf, Neoral, as well as with sedatives such as Valium, Diazepam, or Versed. 

When it comes to Ritalin, the most important thing you need to know is not to use it if you have been using an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days because dangerous drug interaction may happen. MAO inhibitors are Methylene blue injection, Isocarboxazid, Linezolid, Rasagiline, Phenelzine, Tranylcypromine Selegiline, and others.

Ritalin vs. Modafinil - which is stronger?

There’s no precise way of measuring which one of these drugs is stronger because it simply comes down to what you are planning on using these drugs for and how your own body will react. Ritalin is a great medication for ADHD and narcolepsy treatment, while Modafinil covers some other sleep disorder conditions as well. 

They are both very effective when it comes to promoting wakefulness and establishing great focus, but some people claim Modafinil is definitely the number one choice, while another claim Ritalin was all they were hoping for. The fact is Modafinil has a longer life span, and it will be running through our system for 12 hours approximately, while Ritalin loses its effects after three hours and needs to be taken repeatedly during the day, in multiple doses.

FAQ

Should I mix Modafinil and Ritalin?

Given that both of these drugs are central nervous system stimulants, it is not recommended to use them together at the same time. Some people tend to do that in order to increase their focus and block the fatigue, but this can lead to over-stimulation and some more serious side effects of both drugs.

Which one is better for studying – Ritalin or Modafinil?

When it comes to Ritalin vs. Modafinil for studying, things are pretty clear. A recent study found Modafinil to be much more effective when it comes to memorizing things and preparing for the exam than Ritalin. That’s not surprising since this nootropic is known to have the capacity to improve our memory retention, while that’s not Ritalin’s strong side.

References

  1. Compare Ritalin vs. Provigil; iodine.com
  2. Ritalin ; webmd.com

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